LEVONORGESTREL 0.15 MG + ETHINYLOESTRADIOL 0.03 MG

Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg is a combined hormonal contraceptive pill that contains synthetic versions of the hormones progestin and estrogen. It is commonly known as a birth control pill used to prevent pregnancy. This medication is manufactured by STERIS and is categorized as an oral contraceptive.

Active Ingredients

The active ingredients in Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg are levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol. Levonorgestrel is a synthetic form of the hormone progesterone, while ethinyl estradiol is a synthetic form of the hormone estrogen.

Pharmacological Properties

Levonorgestrel acts by preventing ovulation, thickening cervical mucus to prevent sperm from reaching an egg, and thinning the lining of the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg. Ethinyl estradiol regulates the menstrual cycle and stabilizes the endometrium.

Indications

This medication is indicated for the prevention of pregnancy. It is a reliable method of contraception when taken as directed.

Contraindications

Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg is contraindicated in patients with a history of blood clots, certain types of cancer, liver disease, uncontrolled high blood pressure, and in smokers over the age of 35.

Dosage

The typical dosage of Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg is one tablet daily for 21 days, followed by a 7-day break without pills. It is important to take the pill at the same time each day to maintain effectiveness.

Side Effects

Common side effects of this medication may include nausea, headache, breast tenderness, weight gain, and breakthrough bleeding. If these side effects persist or worsen, contact your healthcare provider.

Drug Interactions

Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg may interact with certain medications such as antibiotics, anticonvulsants, and St. John’s Wort, decreasing the effectiveness of the contraceptive. It is important to discuss all medications with your healthcare provider.

Patient Counseling

Patient counseling is essential when starting this medication. Advise patients to take the pill daily at the same time, use additional contraceptive methods if vomiting or diarrhea occurs, and seek medical attention for severe side effects or missed doses.

Clinical Evidence

Clinical studies have shown that Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg is an effective contraceptive when taken as directed. The combination of hormones provides reliable pregnancy prevention with proper use.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How effective is Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg in preventing pregnancy?
A: When taken correctly, this medication is over 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.

Q: Are there any serious risks associated with this contraceptive pill?
A: While rare, serious risks may include blood clots, stroke, or heart attack. It is important to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider.

Q: Can I still get pregnant immediately after stopping this medication?
A: Fertility may return quickly after stopping this contraceptive, so it is advisable to use alternative birth control methods if pregnancy is not desired.

Q: What should I do if I miss a dose of Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg?
A: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Use backup contraception for the next 7 days to ensure effectiveness.

Q: How long does it take for the contraceptive effects to wear off after stopping this medication?
A: The contraceptive effects wear off quickly after stopping the pill, so fertility may return within a few days to a few weeks.

Overall, Levonorgestrel 0.15 mg + Ethinyloestradiol 0.03 mg is a well-tolerated and effective contraceptive option for many individuals. It is important to discuss any concerns or questions with a healthcare provider before starting this medication.

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